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Guide to Making Accurate Hetalia OCs

A few basic DOs and Don'ts

- Never base an OC off of yourself. However, this has certain exceptions; sharing traits with an OC sometimes cannot be avoided, such as having the same hair or skin pigment. Even certain personality traits are okay to share with your OC; however, don't give your OC certain traits because you have them.

- Never make an OC for the purpose of shipping that OC with a canon character; it's understandable if you create it because you support the relationship between the two countries, but if you create the OC because you're a huge fan of a canon character that you intend to pair with it, it becomes iffy. It may be pure coincidence that you're a fan of that canon character or not, but keep in mind that if you pair your OC with a canon character that you're a huge fan of, you may be accused of making the OC for the purpose of fantasizing with that character. As I said, it's more than perfectly fine to be a fan of the character that you pair the OC with; just please don't only make the OC for the purpose of shipping.

- Know the difference between nationality and ethnicity; your nationality is the country/countries that you're a citizen of; your ethnicity is similar to your race. For instance, I have Scottish and Laotian blood (ethnicity), but I'm an American citizen (nationality).

- Remember that flaws alone do not prevent your character from being a Mary Sue. A Mary Sue is, indeed, a "perfect" character—but it is also a character that the creator blatantly worships and forces upon others, and their idea of "perfection" may vary. For example, say someone makes their character hot-tempered. This is often thought of to be a flaw, but what if the creator thinks that hot-tempered people are cool? Say someone makes their character sarcastic. What if the creator really likes sarcasm? Do you see what I mean?

- (More to come!)

Part 1: Choosing a Country

Alright. It's best to choose a country that you know the culture and history of—even a little is good. If no such country exists, choose one that you're interested in learning about. Don't worry about making an OC for an overused country, such as Mexico or Ireland; if it's accurate, there's no harm in making such an OC.

Part 2: Appearance

Definitely one that a lot of people mess up on. This is so large that it'll be split into sections to cover everything while staying organized.

Body type
Tall, short, fat, skinny, curvy, straight, muscular, weak, etcetera. Let's take them all on one at a time so that they are less overwhelming.
Height: You can use a variety of things to justify an OC's height. The most common (and preferred) is to use the average height of the country. However, it should be noted that people have gotten much taller over the generations; when basing an ancient OC's height off of the common height of the country, remember that people were shorter in ancient times.
You can also use other things to base your OC's height around; for my Byzantine Empire, I used the empire's size, duration and population. Just try to avoid making your OC unreasonably tall or short without justification.
Weight: This doesn't require much thought; simply look up the average weight for a person of your OC's height. Do not make them unreasonably skinny; especially not if the country has a steady food supply. Making your OC more on the heavyset side could have its reasoning, as well; just don't be unreasonable and offensive about it.
Shape: Repeat after me: do not use stereotypes to create your OC's body shape. Absolutely not. I've seen far too many supermodel Latina OCs when in reality the average indigenous body shape is very athletic in figure. Look up the common breast size/hip width/penis length of the country. It's a very bad idea to go Ukraine and base it off of agriculture. Also, if you do give your OC large breasts (if they're the common size for the country), they must have more weight to go along with it. Very rarely will you see a woman with huge breasts that weighs a hundred pounds—practically never, in fact.
Muscular strength: Most people base this off of the OC themself. Does your OC participate in the country's military, if it has one? Does your OC do a lot of hard work, such as farming or heavy lifting? If they don't, then they shouldn't have much muscular strength.

Skin tone
Hetalia OCs that have not been thoroughly researched are notorious for being "whitewashed" (being made too light) or "choco-fied" (being made too dark). When making your OC's skin tone, keep in mind the skin color of the people that live there; for example, there may be a lot of pale people living in Israel, but most people who are Israeli by ethnicity are darker tanned. This being said, it's also possible to make an OC too dark; Carthage, for instance, was in Africa, but they were more of a tan shade.

Eye color
Eyes can be used to represent three main things; relations to another country/character, common eye color of the country's people or something unique to the country. For example, my Byzantine Empire's eyes are amber to represent her relations to Rome as his younger sister. A friend's Israel has brown eyes, as they are the most common eye color.
It is to be noted that Latinos, by stereotype, have green eyes; this is very inaccurate. The indigenous Latin peoples had brown eyes, not green; many Latinos have lighter eyes in modern times due to immigrants from other countries. This goes to show that one should be cautious when using stereotypes to create their OC.

A few things go under this topic, such as type, length and color.
Type: Keep in mind that there are common hair types for every country/region; for example, many people living on the Mediterranean and in the Middle East have very curly, sometimes poofy and frizzy, hair. Most of the indigenous Latin peoples have straighter hair.
Length and style: I wouldn't worry too much about this. It's best to look up the common hairstyles of the native people; it's also recommended to keep in mind the character's personality and location. If they aren't terribly vain about their hair or they work a lot, it's doubtful that they'd keep it much longer than mid-back or shoulder-length if female; if they do keep it long, they might pin or tie it up so that it's out of the way. If male, then it would probably be on the short to medium side. If they are very vain, it might be very well-kept or long.
Color: The only thing, really, that one can do for hair color is to look up the common hair color of the country's people.

Most countries, if male, are often wearing their military uniform. If there is no military, then resort to the national dress/clothing of the country. This is usually what the females wear. If there's no military uniform and no national dress, commonly worn clothing should suffice. For instance, I have a female Byzantine Empire OC; women weren't permitted in the army and there is no national dress, so she wears Byzantine clothing.
The OC's religion should also be kept in mind; Islamic women can only show their face and hands, for example. "Not very many followers of Shi'a Islam wear the niqab. Muslims in Iran, where most Shi'ites live, typically wear a long black shawl called the chador out in public. Leaving only the eyes exposed is most commonly observed in the gulf states, a majority Sunni region, while the burqa (the sleeveless, embroidered garment that covers the eyes with a grille) is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and apparently parts of India, where people are also mostly Sunni. Even some niqabs are covered with a black veil for extra coverage." (Quoted from Raspy-G.)

Part 3: Personality

Like appearance, personality will be split into sections. There's a lot to cover, and I'd like to keep it organized so that it's easier to read.

Mental disorders, whores, depression
Don't. Just don't. It doesn't make your character "edgy" or "cool". Mental disorders and depression are very sensitive subjects. As for making your OC a whore...Really?

Conflicting personality traits
Don't give your OC conflicting character traits. For example, saying that the character is dependent on others, but then saying that they're self-sufficient. This is very confusing and annoying. Your OC can't have every character trait in the world.

Remember to base your character off the behavior of people from your country, but also on historical events and the country itself. For example, the Byzantine Empire was very powerful and wealthy, so making a Byzantine Empire arrogant, proud and/or egoistical would make a lot of sense.

Keep in mind the country's culture for their skillset; if they're known for their art, literature, music, etcetera, they might have a lot of skill in the fine arts. If their country's known for a particular sport, they could be good at that sport. If their military is infamous, it could make sense for their skills in battle tactics and military-related things to be pretty good, as well as fighting ability itself.

I have seen too many OCs that are purely homosexual; please keep in mind the country's LGBT rights, if there are any! For such countries where same-sex activities have legal consequences, it would make the most sense to make the character heterosexual; bisexual at the most, but never homosexual. For countries with LGBT rights, bisexual is fine; still, it's best to avoid making an OC homosexual.

Part 4: Backstory/history

Abuse, rape, etcetera.
Rape is an absolute no. Do not include it in your character's backstory. It's a sensitive subject that should never be taken lightly.
Abuse, however, is iffy. Could one not consider the treatment of Britain towards the colonies as abuse? Granted, it wasn't physical or verbal abuse; America's rights were simply being oppressed. It all depends on your definition of abuse. Just don't go out of reason. Stay inside the box for this one.

History and relations
Remember: the country's history is the character's backstory! Also remember to include any other countries—and it's likely that there were many—that were involved in the country's history.

Part 5: Relations

Your OC's relations with other countries should correspond with the country's actual relations; this is pretty self-explanatory.
Keep in mind that while it's perfectly fine to pair your OC with a character, in most cases it's best to keep shipping and canonverse separate. Leave pairings out of the OC's profile.

Part 6: General/Personal info

Human names
Remember to give your OC a name that is used in the country. It's very common to use references to historical figures in the character's human name; for instance, a Sicily named Elvira could reference Elvira, the first queen of Sicily. It's also a great idea to use a common name in the country, like an Israel's last name being Cohen, as Cohen is the most common last name in Israel.
Also remember to keep in mind naming traditions; many countries don't have middle names, etcetera.
For Islamic countries, they typically have their first name, their father's first name as their middle name and their surname.
Spanish and Latin people usually have their first name, their father's surname and their mother's surname. They may also have a second name/middle name or two.

Age and birthdays
Don't use the country's independence day as the basis of the OC's age; especially if they don't have one! It's usually a good idea to base their age around how long the people have been living in the area.
Independence days are usually used as the OC's "birthday", though exceptions can apply. For characters like the Byzantine Empire, there was no clear split in the Roman Empire, although Emperor Theodosius I, who was the last Emperor to rule over both the eastern and western halves of the empire, died on the seventeenth of January in 395 CE, so it could be used as the OC's "birthday".
As for human age, it would be wise to base your it around those of the canon characters'; say you know for a fact that your OC is slightly younger than France, I don't know. France's human age is 26, so your OC could be slightly younger than 26; 25, perhaps.

Language and religion
Any languages that your OC speaks should be the official and commonly-spoken languages of that country. There are some weird cases; the Byzantine Empire originally was Latin-speaking, but after Emperor Justinian died, all Emperors onwards spoke Greek.
As for religion; some countries still have an official religion, most don't. Still; you should use the most commonly followed religion (or the official one, if available) as the OC's religion.


In short, Hetalia OCs require a lot of research. Inaccurate OCs are indeed very offensive.
Lastly, I would like to say that this is still very much incomplete. If you can think of anything that I need to add, please let me know! Thank you for reading, and I hope it helps!
A compilation of the information found here:…
I apologize for the shortness; the appearance part alone wore me out! I also apologize for any typos; this was done entirely on my phone.
If you can think of anything that I should add, please tell me!
Add a Comment:
Axolotl-Galaxy Featured By Owner 2 days ago
I ended up making my Pakistan oc more based of my relatives and people whom live in Pakistan and even my oc seems sad or grumpy at times, I'm still trying fix her, I always look at this for oc aid.
TheAmore680 Featured By Owner Jul 21, 2015  Student
I have Czech Republic and Slovakia (everything from names and relations with others to appearance and habits, just pretty much everything) and today i got to know that they were designed by Himaruya. I'm not sure if I should just give up my version of them (I don't really want to, i love them too much) and accept the canon version, or not care about canon version and keep them like I designed them. I'm just lost ;-;
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Jul 21, 2015
Don't worry about it! I know plenty of people who have OCs of countries who were made canon—and I myself have drafted designs for countries who have been canon for a long time. If you love your OCs, keep them! :^)
HelenaBelacquaplz Featured By Owner Jul 12, 2015
I had a Portugal (i shipped her with America because both show a bit importance towards freedom and vecause Portugal was one of the first countries to maķe diplomatic connections with America), but some time later Portugal was designed and was announced by Himaruya
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Jul 12, 2015
I don't know much about Portugal or its relations, but don't worry about there already being a canon design! Plenty of people have OCs for countries that are already canon—and some have had their OCs for longer than that country has even been canon :^) I wouldn't worry about it, if I were you!
HelenaBelacquaplz Featured By Owner Jul 12, 2015
You're right :)
And i've had some sort of Hetalian drive and i feel like drawing Hetalia related stuff again
T0xicCartoonZ Featured By Owner Jun 13, 2015  Student Traditional Artist
wow this is very helpful this will probibly help me with making my oc jamaca and fiji(oh man really tough ones...)
do you have anymore things i should know to avoid? besides the white washing, stereotypes?
Ajones123 Featured By Owner May 26, 2015
Do you know anything about the Czech Republic?
fraubaguette Featured By Owner May 27, 2015
I'm very sorry; unfortunately, I don't. Did you have an inquiry? I may still be able to assist.
Ajones123 Featured By Owner May 27, 2015
It's ok. I have her looks and name. I know that the Czech Republic had negative ties with Germany and Prussia before it fell. I'm just trying to figure out a little more about the country's history. That's all.
MiyukiKudo Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Even though Im making my own country a HetaOC now, I feel confuse!
Im making Philippines (most people think Philippines is over rated :/)
Philippines was first found on 1521 Ferdinand Magellan, a portuguese traveler (?) But after war, The Philippines was able to beat the portuguese.
(So does that mean Portugal should be added to the relationship? But, whenever I read history books, Portugal was never mentioned.. Instead, It was Spain... Im Darn Confused)
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015
I really wish I could help you, but I know nothing of the Philippines! Portugal should definitely be included in the foreign relations section of your OC's biography, I think, but I don't know how to interpret its relation to the Philippines. Maybe try searching for more information on Ferdinand Magellan?
MiyukiKudo Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
ahh, Thanks for the advice!
Im just going to make it a short relationship, since Magellan died months after arriving at the Philippines 
AuraPhoenixx Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
It's very good.
Say - what is your opinion on Ocean/Biome OCs?
As a reviewer I do have the faith that it can be done accurately, but most won't agree.
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2015
Thank you—however, it's horrendously outdated. I do intend to update it at some point, but I haven't found the time (nor the motivation).

Hmm, I'm sure they can be done accurately, though I have yet to see it. They're very easy to be poorly-done; because biomes and oceans lack government and citizens, people tend to whitewash and ignore various historical influences to the area, such as by creating a white Sahara Desert. That, or they do something horrendously offensive and misunderstood. For example, take people creating OCs that represent land scarred by nuclear devastation. OCs like that are always done improperly, usually complete with creepypasta-like personalities and backstories, overdone sympathy plays and misinformation on radiative poisoning.

They'd also be out of place—Hetalia is based on political geography, not physical. A physically-based OC would have to be a non-fandom or perhaps a bandwagon OC, not a Hetalia one. Plus, it makes it much more difficult to come up with a human personification when the idea is to create a representation of a location while not using human influence.

I do hate answering this question; I always feel like I'm giving the impression that the person asking should not create an ocean/biome OC—this is not the case. I would never discourage someone from making an OC—however, I do advise them to tread very carefully.
AuraPhoenixx Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
I can see your logic, and agree with you - still, if science and history are applied right, there is still a good possibility of it being a respectable OC.

And I really hope to see your update - I'm actually creating a tutorial of my own. It's just not as neat and tidy as your's. Laughing 
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Mar 20, 2015
Oh, yes, definitely—I just have yet to see it, thus I am unfortunately biased towards skepticism.

Really? I hope to see it! I've noticed that you commented on the group I founded, as well—I intend to overhaul it when I find the time and reshape it more towards the goal of educating the community rather than showcasing people who already know what they're doing.
AuraPhoenixx Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
And if you want to see my tutorial -…
AuraPhoenixx Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
I understand what you mean.

Alright, that's great! Education is power, right?
I was very confused when making my Fem!India OC for age
Because the Indus Valley Civilization is very old
there have been record of humans 75,000 years ago
but India has only been independent for a short while
PikaHetaGirlz4Ever Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2015
A tip you could try (and you don't have to listen of course, it's your oc, not mine) would be to make two separate ocs for Ancient India and modern-day India, possibly making the modern-day one a daughter/son of Ancient India. Apologies if this isn't what you were talking about, but I thought I would drop a tip in while I had it on my mind. ^^;
Monochrome-tan Featured By Owner Edited Dec 10, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
My OC is Svalbard. I gave her long black hair to reference the long coal strips there, a scarf to reference the Russian occupation, a scar on her neck to reference the Dutch occupation there, and green eyes to, again, reference the Dutch. She has a cross necklace to reference the Norwegians too. 

Is there something I could do to improve on my OC?
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2014
How long is her hair, and do you have anything on her personality? I'm afraid I'm no expert in the region, but I can give you some basic pointers.
Jett-The-King Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you, this is useful! I'll refer to this while fixing up my OCs, great work!
LucianoVargas132 Featured By Owner May 30, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
furchild1204 Featured By Owner Jan 17, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Can I link other people to this?
I know some people who reeeeeally need this... like HaloStormHybrids…
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2014
If you'd like to, go ahead.
Symphano Featured By Owner Nov 8, 2013
//puts on hard hat
Let's make a Hetalia OC
Little-Red-Coat Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2013  Student Digital Artist
Lemmme love you.
Lasercats6 Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2013
This is awesome! Its so well written and helpful! :)
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
Thank you! I'm glad it helps. v u v
Lasercats6 Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
oh it helps! :)
mic0396 Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2013

Very good guide ^w^


Also do you have a few tips if your OC's based on a non-existing contry you made up yourself?

fraubaguette Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
Thank you. v u v

Hmm, I wouldn't recommend doing so; a lot of people tend to look down upon such OCs.
mic0396 Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013

A shame :(

Got the idea from a game and I basically got all what you wrothe in the tips in my head.. maybe I should writhe it down sometime..

HellaMonetza Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2013
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
Thank you. u v u
wildmagesapprentice Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2013  Student General Artist
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
Calypsoeevee Featured By Owner Sep 7, 2013  Hobbyist Writer

I should make something similar don't hate me for it, ahaha--

fraubaguette Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
Ooh, you so should. I would love to see it. v u v
autumn-breeze-wind Featured By Owner Sep 7, 2013
thanks for making this.
fraubaguette Featured By Owner Sep 7, 2013
You're welcome. I hope it helped. v u v
Add a Comment:

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